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Unfortunately, India has reached in the season where dengue and chikungunya are now circulating, and recently there’s been a various national media clauses about ‘Dengue & Chikungunya’ cases in India. With memories of 2006 prevalent still in mind, perhaps hearing about dengue is not surprising, but the reality is that today, ‘Dengue’ is considered as a regular and seasonal malady strains.
However the particular strains – is now circulating every year, that’s why it is regarded as one of the seasonal strains. Prior to 2006 people exposed to severe body ache, retro-orbital pain, abdominal pain, nausea, headache and at times rash. And after the 5-year study of Clinical profiling of patients; retro-orbital pain, itching, and joint pain were seen in a higher proportion of DF cases. Melaena and haematemesis were evident in about 85% of the DHF patients. According to WHO, the dengue cases classified into 3 types including dengue without warning signs, dengue with warning signs (increase in HCT with the decrease in platelet count/abdominal pain/ persistent vomiting/mucosal bleed) and acute dengue (Severe plasma leakage, severe organ involvement, and severe bleeding).
On the other hand, Chikungunya's main symptoms start four to seven days after the mosquito bite. The severe phase is identified by high fever, painful polyarthralgia, asthenia, myalgia, vomiting, headache, and rash.
Now the latest outbreak is that approximately 40,000 people have been affected by the vector-borne disease in the country. Chikungunya cases have shot up to more than 1000 and dengue cases have risen to 1,158 in the national capital with roughly 390 of them being reported in the first ten days of September.
The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Jagat Prakash Nadda said that “We will try to fulfil all requirements. Whether it is dengue or chikungunya, we should not panic. There is a need to give symptomatic treatment. There is a need to take a lot of liquid.” he also added that, “We are ready to offer all help to state governments. This is not an issue for the Centre and states to indulge in the blame game. We should work together.”
Meanwhile, a Senior Health Ministry Official said that, “There is an “Out-break” situation with regard to chikungunya.”
Control and Prevention:
People who are at greater risk of an acute virus can prevent themselves by using mosquito nets, and mosquito coils & repellents including DEET.PYRATIC Tablets – i.e. a combination of Paracetamol 650 MG is also one of the best ways to treat mild-to-moderate Fever, Pain or any Severe flu. Another key part to fight against dengue and chikungunya is keeping the house and neighbourhood clean and make sure never let water stagnate in the surroundings. However, this precaution will not only protect the unaffected people, but also helps save the vulnerable patients who are at higher risk of the serious consequences of dengue and chikungunya.